Tag Archives: Fine art

Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse – price record – Jacob Samuel – Biography

(31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist.known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter.

Henri Matisse was born on December 31, 1869, and was raised in the small industrial town of Bohain-en-Vermandois in northern France. His family worked in the grain business. As a young man Matisse worked as a legal clerk and then studied for a law degree in Paris in 1887-89. Returning to a position in a law office in the town of Saint-Quentin, he began taking a drawing class in the mornings before he went to work.

When he was 21, Matisse began painting while recuperating from an illness, and his vocation as an artist was confirmed. In 1891 Matisse moved to Paris for artistic training.

He took instruction from famous, older artists at well-known schools such as the Académie Julian and the École des Beaux-Arts which required working from live models and copying the works of Old Masters, but Matisse was also exposed to the recent Post-Impressionist work of Paul Cézanne and Vincent van Gogh while living in Paris.

Matisse began to show his work in large group exhibitions in Paris in the mid-1890s, including the traditional Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and his work received some favorable attention.

Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.

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Price records

“Cuckoos, blue and pink carpet”

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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size 81 cm x 65.5 cm

Hammer price: $41,046,400

“The Odalisque, Harmony Blue” (1937)


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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size 60.3 cm x 49.5 cm

Hammer price: $30,000,000

” Bouquet for July 14 ” (1919)
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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size 116 cm x 89.0 cm

Hammer price: $25,500,000

“Portrait in Blue Coat” (1935)

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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size: 91.3 cm x 59.8 cm

Hammer price: $20,000,000

“Dancer in the Chair, Checkerboard Floor” (1942)

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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size: 46 cm x 55.0 cm

Hammer price: $19,419,680 

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres – price record – Jacob Samuel – Biography

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres – ( 29 August 1780 – 14 January 1867) was a French Neoclassical painter.

Although he considered himself to be a painter of history in the tradition of Nicolas Poussin and Jacques-Louis David, by the end of his life it was Ingres’s portraits, both painted and drawn, that were recognized as his greatest legacy.

Ingres, was born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, France, the first of seven children (five of whom survived infancy) of Jean-Marie-Joseph Ingres (1755-1814) and his wife Anne Moulet (1758-1817). His father was a successful jack-of-all-trades in the arts, a painter of miniatures, sculptor, decorative stonemason, and amateur musician; his mother was the nearly illiterate daughter of a master wigmaker. From his father the young Ingres received early encouragement and instruction in drawing and music, and his first known drawing, a study after an antique cast, was made in 1789. Starting in 1786 he attended the local school, Ecole des Freres de l’Education Chretienne, but his education was disrupted by the turmoil of the French Revolution, and the closing of the school in 1791 marked the end of his conventional education. The deficiency of his schooling would always remain for him a source of insecurity.

In 1791, Joseph Ingres took his son to Toulouse, where the young Jean Auguste Dominique was enrolled in the Academie Royale de Peinture, Sculpture et Architecture. There he studied under the sculptor Jean-Pierre Vigan, the landscape painter Jean Briant, and-most importantly-the painter Joseph Roques, who imparted to the young artist his veneration of Raphael. Ingres’s musical talent was further developed under the tutelage of the violinist Lejeune. From the ages of thirteen to sixteen he was second violinist in the Orchestre du Capitole de Toulouse, and he would continue to play the violin as an avocation for the rest of his life.

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Don Pedro of Toledo kissing the Sword of Henri IV (1820)

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Technique: Oil/panel,
Size: 48 cm x 40.0 cm
Hammer price: $826,000

The Virgin with the Crown (1859)

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Technique: Oil/panel
Size: 69.9 cm x 50.8 cm
Hammer price: $820,000

The Virgin with the Host (1860)

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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size: 60 cm x 46.0 cm
Hammer price: $800,000

Aretino and the Envoy of Charles V (1848)

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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size: 41.5 cm x 32.5 cm
Hammer price: $599,940

Study for “Sleeper”

Ingre, A Sleeping Odalisque; Etude d'après la Dormeuse de Naples

 

Technique:Oil/panel
Size:22 cm x 36.5 cm
Hammer price: $482,720

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot – price record – Jacob Samuel – Biography

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (July 17, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape painter and print-maker in etching. Corot was the leading painter of the Barbizon school of France in the mid-nineteenth century. He is a pivotal figure in landscape painting and his vast output simultaneously references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impressionism.

A pivotal figure in landscape painting, Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot was an influential and prolific artist, producing over 3,000 works during his lifetime, and inspiring countless numbers of forgeries and copies. Although he was not especially interested or gifted in art at a young age, he decided to make the professional switch from businessman to artist at the age of 26, and in 1821, immediately began with the study of landscapes. He focused on two types of landscapes, historical landscapes, containing ancient and mythological creatures, and realistic landscapes, mostly of Northern Europe, with faithful renditions of flora and fauna, often mixing the two genres together.

In his travels through Italy to study Renaissance paintings, he was entranced by the light of the countryside, which was to influence his color palette throughout his paintings. Although he was also entranced by the Italian women, he wrote that his goal in life was to be committed to painting, and thus he had no time for marriage.

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Jewish Algiers, the Italian
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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size: 17 5/8 in x 14 3/4 in
Hammer price: $4,200,000
The Italian (c.1870)
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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size: 28 3/4 in x 23 1/4 in
Hammer price: $2,600,000
Young Woman At The Fountain

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Technique: Oil on canvas                                                                                                               Size: 25 5/8 in x 16 1/2 in                                                                                                           Hammer price: $2,041,620

Boatman from behind trees Shore

Technique: Oil/canvas                                                                                                                Size:39 3/8 in x 32 1/8 in                                                                                                               Hammer price: $1,850,000

Dreamer at the Fountain (c.1860-1870)

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Technique: Oil/canvas
Size: 25 3/8 in x 17 3/8 in                                                                                                               Hammer price: $1,450,240

Jacques Chapiro Biography – Jacob Samuel

Jacques Chapiro. He was born in Dvinsk, Belarus. As a son of a wood sculptor, he began his artistic education at the early age of ten. In 1915, he entered the Krakow academy of fine art and in 1918 he moved Kiev to study in the Academy of Fine Arts. 
During the Russian Civil War, while pursuing his studies, he contributed to the revolution efforts by painting posters. In 1921, he studied art in Petrograd, and during this period he worked as a decorator in the Meyerhold Theater. He worked for Stanislavski and Vachtangov, both notorious in the field of theater.

In 1925, he left Russia in favor of Paris, and settled down in Montparnasse. He had exhibited his works in Les Independents Salon (the Independents’ Salon), the Tuileries, and other places as well since 1926. In 1939, he became a refugee, escaping to Carpentras and later on to Hautes-Alpes. When the war ended, he traveled to Italy before returning to Paris. When he returned to Paris, he set down to write his book of anecdotal stories taken from the life of the artists from La Rouch. He opposed the demolition of La Rouch in 1967 and he founded, along with Marc Chagall and Raymond Cogniat, a committee that fought against this move.

The committee succeeded in its cause. Chapiro’s works can be found in museums in the United States (Chicago), Russia (Moscow) and France (Jeu de Paume, Paris). As to his artistic style, it seems that Chapiro was fond of experiments. His many paintings are much different from one another; some are definitely Cubistic in style, some are Impressionist, while others are Fauvist.

We cannot say the same about his sketching. Throughout his artistic career, Chapiro sketches bore his unique signature, with a light and talented hand. It is his realistic sketching, which is somewhat casual, that one can be truly impressed by his talent.

Jacques Markiel Biography – Jacob Samuel

Jacques Markiel was born on July 20, 1911 in Lodz, Poland. As a young boy, his mother identified his artistic talent, and against his father’s will, she sent young Jacque to drawing lessons with the famous artist Isaac Brauner. 
Markiel, later in his life, graduated from the Fine Art Academy in Cracow. Soon afterwards, he received a merit scholarship and moved to the Belleville district of Paris in 1933. In Paris, Markiel’s talent was quickly identified and he earned his respect in the art field. He obtained third prize in the Ecole des Beaux Arts competition and was invited to study in the atelier of the respected painter Jean Souverbie.
When his Jewish identity was discovered in 1943, Markiel was sent to Drancy. In that same year, on June 23, he was deported on convoy no. 55 to Auschwitz. Markiel was forced to participate in the cruel death march to Gross Rosen, where he suffered much abuse. Luckily, he was one of the few who survived. During the holocaust, he was assigned to work in the coal mines at Jawischowitz, a subcamp of Auschwitz. During the war, Markiel figured out how to use his painting as a means of survival.

He painted a baker’s daughter and in return, she gave him bread when no one was looking. Markiel then smuggled the bread out of the camp and shared it with others. Suddenly aware of the power of his paintings, he drew a ten-year-old Hungarian Jewish boy, who also worked in the coalmine. The boy gave the picture to a Polish woman who, in return, supplied him with the food he needed to live.
After the liberation, Markiel returned to France, and sadly, discovered that his family had been exterminated in the war.
Supported by his wife, Esther, Markiel devoted the rest of his life to painting. After his death, some of his pieces were donated to the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. Jacques Markiel passed away in Paris in 2008.

 

 

 

Molli Chwat Biography – Jacob Samuel

Born in Bialystok, Poland to a family of bankers. He studied art in his hometown and then entered the Saint Petersburg Academy of Fine Art. With the encouragement of thr notable painter Ilia Repine, he went in 1906 to a brief stay in Paris, were he was a free auditor in an art courses in the Art Academy. 
In 1909, he went to Geneva where met Gattin, a medicine student. The two fell in love and got married in the same year. In 1910, they came back to Saint Petersburg. Not much is known about this period of time in his life, until 1918. Feeling the tense building up in Russia, Chwat managed escaping from Russia before the revolution started. He and his wife went to Paris and during these years he entered the Fine Art Academy and later on the Open University. During the Second World War, Chwat became a refugee in Casablanca. He came back to Paris after the liberation and devoted his time to painting. In 1952, he received the Othon Friesz award.

In 1957, he immigrated to Israel. Until 1945, Chwat dealt with traditional classic subjects such as Portraits, but in 1945 he dedicated his painting to biblical themes, a transition that was very typical for Jewish painters after the Holocaust. Chawt died in 1979 in France. His works can be found in various museums in Israel and in France.“There are artists who attached to the ceremonial religion, others attached to the mysticism of the legends and some who enter the esoteric traditions. Chwat, in his painting, praises enthusiastically the great events that relate to the holly book. By this, he makes a strong and ancient connection to the source of Jewish art. Perhaps it is driven from the fact that Chwat is used to the countryside, were he lived the most.” La Via Juive, November 1955.
“There is a strange seduction in Molli Chwat talent, he is a remarkable colorist and living in alliance is an amazing force and the most subtle preciousness. His paintings combine cold tones that live in harmony with warm and generous tones. It is a silence, almost deaf symphony. In his paintings we can find the daring of the great primitive artists”.
Pierre Mornand La Revue Moderne Jenuar 1953.

Molli Chwat
Molli Chwat

Wladislaw Weintraub Biography – Jacob Samuel

Władysław Weintraub (Łowicz 1891 – Treblinka 1942) studied on SSP ( School of Fine Art) in Warsaw, in Paris and in Switzerland (his teacher was Leon Bakst). After studies he came back to Poland, where he became well known stage designer of Jewish theatres. When Weintraub exhibited his landscapes, critics called them ‘original and interesting in style of the youngest’. His works refered to expressionism.

Weintraub belonged to Jewish Art Cause’s Committee and took a part in Second Exhibition of Jewish Art in 1922. The artist was connected with “Chaliastre” – futuristic group of Warsaw’s Jewish writers. He was an author of title page in „Albatros” monthly. Weintraub died in Concentration Camp in Treblinka in 1942.

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